Ngorongoro crater is situated 180 kilometers West of Arusha town in Tanzania. This conservation area will lie upon the floor with the Great Rift Valley. Ngorongoro is really a Masai word that was given to the warriors who attended the highlands to combat their enemies. The Ngorongoro and the surrounding area was declared a UNESCO World heritage Site in 1979. The conservation area covers a location of 8,288 square kilometers. It is just a huge area which include the Olduvai Gorge, Ngorongoro Crater, highland plains, forest, scrub and bush.
The therapy lamp was conserved to protect the animals and vegetation. The invention of early human fossils by doctor Leakey is made of this type. Based on fossils discovered by Leakey, early man lived in this region 3 million in the past. Multiple people were living in this region. Hunters were the very first individuals to settle here as well as herders. Later, the Mbulu people arrived to the region accompanied by the Datoonga community. Both groups were evicted by the Masai people after having a long battle. Today, the Masai community are neighbors and the only people around to graze their cattle in this area.
The Ngorongoro crater (volcanic caldera) was formed from a huge volcanic exploded and collapsed without treatment about 3 million years back. The crater, which provides coverage for a region of 260 squire kilometers is 610 meters deep. It's thought to have been greater than Mount Kilimanjaro before it collapsed.
The Ngorongoro crater is the better area for game viewing in the whole of Tanzania. The swamps, marshlands and Lake Magadi(alkaline water lake) such as surrounding forest are a great where you can about 40,000 wild animals. This include; a huge number of wildebeest, zebra, Thomson gazelle, elephant, hippo, lion, cape buffalo and the jackal. This is an excellent place to see the rare black rhino.
This is also a bird watchers paradise especially around the marshland and lake Magadi. Bird species commonly seen here are the vultures, geese, ostrich, crowned cranes, herons, flamingos, eagles, secretary birds and kori bustards.
There are many springs which drain into lake Magadi through the rainy season including Ngoitokitok, Munge and also the Lerai stream. The streams make the perfect method to obtain water to the wildlife, the cattle along with the Masai communities too. Wild animals remain in the crater in the wet season. In the dry season if you find less grass, they move outside the crater looking for greener pastures.
Throughout the rainy season, the western plains of Ngorongoro provide adequate grass for the wildebeest migration within the Serengeti. The conservation area can be home to about 62,000 people, the Masai community being the majority. After conserving the Ngorongoro area, the federal government has experimented with balance the livelihood from the people. This have been achieved by using the local people by letting them graze their cattle. The government has also started projects including schools, health centers and road construction.
The fossil discovery by Leakey is clear evidence until this area will be the oldest site of the hominoids home on the planet. The major attraction here add the crater, wildlife, Oldivai Gorge and also the beautiful highlands. Some of the activities include game viewing, hiking and photographing. You may also check out the Masai communities where you is going to be entertained with dance, music and tales when you learn their cultures.
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